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Situational Awareness

"The elements to make command and control work are situational awareness, rapid decision-making, and the ability to direct forces to achieve commander's intent.

The first essential element is situational awareness. Our ability to collect and distribute data and transform it into intelligence is robust, but we need to better integrate non-traditional sources of information .We also need to leverage our interagency, commercial, and foreign partners' capabilities. To make sense of that volume of information, we need common architectures, standardized data formatting, increased machine-to-machine and artificial learning systems, and better integration to rapidly identify, synthesize, and present timely, decision-quality information to the right leader in the most useful format possible.

Situational awareness is most powerful when it enables effective and timely decision-making at the right level whether tactical, operational or strategic."

        -Gen. David L. Goldfein, Air Force Chief of Staff

"CSAF letter to Airmen" Published March 10, 2017


Situational Awareness

Mica Endsley, "Toward a Theory of Situation Awareness in Dynamic Systems," Human Factors 37, no.1 (March 1995), 35.

Risk Assessment

U.S. Department of the Army, Risk Management, Field Manual 100-14 (Washington, DC: U.S. Department of the Army, April 1998), 2-20.